ERIC Number: ED461473
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Using Birthday Data To Integrate Statistics into the K-12 Mathematics Curriculum.
Hayden, Bob; Roberts, Bill
Statistics Teacher Network, n38 Win 1995
In response to the recommendation that teachers incorporate more statistics into their mathematics classes, this paper offers several ways in which students can work with real data. Among the ideas included are their birthdays. Having the students generate a data set that includes their month of birth, exact time of birth, day of the month, and cumulative day of the year--something which concerns themselves--encourages participation and interest. In the first grade, when students are exposed to number lines, the children can make dotplots of the day of the month. By the end of first grade children are doing single-digit subtractions. Current lessons on plotting numbers on a number line, comparing sizes of numbers, and simple subtraction can be combined into a lesson where those same skills are practiced in the course of describing some data. The above exercise can be repeated at higher grade levels as other kinds of numbers, such as decimals or negative numbers, are introduced. Other activities described include stem-and-leaf plots, calculating a mean, residuals, order statistics, categorical data, and relations between variables. Suggestions for broadening the database and making a bridge to calculus are also included. (PVD)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Activities, Mathematical Applications, Mathematics Activities, Mathematics Instruction, Relevance (Education), Statistics, Student Interests, Student Motivation, Thematic Approach
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Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A