ERIC Number: ED461442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Students at Risk in Poor, Rural Areas: A Review of the Research.
Khattri, Nidhi; Riley, Kevin W.; Kane, Michael B.
In an effort to help shape a research agenda for rural education, this document reviews the research on rural education and at-risk students to determine the relative influence on student outcomes of poverty and community location. Sections of this review address: methodological considerations (definitions of "rural" and "at-risk," inadequate controls and comparisons, philosophical orientation of rural literature); the context of rural education (student distribution by rurality and poverty concentration); rural-urban differences in poor students' academic achievement, high school completion rates, and college aspirations; community and student characteristics (poverty, income sources, cultural milieu, ethnicity, single-parent households, limited English proficiency, parental educational attainment, substance abuse, absenteeism, student employment, teen pregnancy); and school characteristics (size, location, expenditures, courses and programs, staff qualifications, technology resources, school-community connections, parent involvement, social capital). Preliminary findings suggest that: (1) poor rural students' academic achievement is quite low but better than that of poor urban students; (2) the magnitude of the problem of low achievement is smaller in poor rural areas than in poor urban areas; (3) rural communities are quite diverse; (4) the characteristics of rural students differ from those of urban students overall, but the profile of poor rural students is similar to that of poor urban students; and (5) rural students attend smaller schools with community connections but a smaller breadth of course offerings than urban schools. Five main research recommendations are outlined. Appendices include participants at a rural education issues meeting, referenced journals, and definitions. (Contains 69 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Institutional Characteristics, Literature Reviews, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Research Needs, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Population, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, Student Characteristics
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on the Education of At-Risk Students (OERI/ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pelavin Research Inst., Washington, DC.
IES Cited: ED497221
Note: In response to the Rural Education Issues Meeting sponsored by the National Institute on the Education of At-Risk Students (November 18, 1996).