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ERIC Number: ED461293
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Indonesian Speech Act of Prohibiting among Five Age Groups of Javanese: Evidence of Cultural Transformation?
Gunarwan, Asim
This study examined how the speech act of prohibiting is realized in terms of directness and indirectness among native Javanese speakers, noting strategies used in socially differentiated speech events and investigating whether the cultural norm of Javanese people, which is renowned for prioritizing politeness, is transforming. Prohibiting was chosen for study because it is a speech act with a high potential to threaten the face of the listener. Surveys completed by 158 native Javanese speakers asked about demographics and Javanese fluency. Respondents provided an act of prohibiting to a hypothetical interlocutor in each of eight hypothetical situations differentiated according to power, solidarity, and public. The hypothetical situations occurred in an air conditioned room in which someone was smoking or about to smoke. Respondents had to imagine having to ask the other person to refrain from smoking, and if they did ask, to write down the token of their prohibition in Indonesian. They also rated the relative degree of the appropriateness of five strategies for prohibiting for each situation. Overall, there was weak indication that the Javanese norms of speaking were changing. Younger Javanese tended to be more straightforward than older Javanese in expressing a directive of prohibiting. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia