ERIC Number: ED461292
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
About Categories of Tense and Aspect in Indonesian/Malay.
Alieva, Natalia F.
This paper examines whether there is a grammatical category of tense in the Indonesian/Malay language (IML), suggesting that IML has a syntactical category of tense that serves to grammaticize time relations in a clause predicate which is not necessarily verbal. The discussion takes a systemic view of grammatical categories in an analytical language, noting that in cases when no synthetic morphological forms exist, only specific phenomena of syntactical paradigms can be considered as grammatical categories. The paper explains that the problem of tense in the IML must be analyzed in connection with aspectuality because such phenomena as verb reduplication and many ter-, ber-, and -i forms have an aspectual component in their meanings. In the IML, there are analytical markers that take part in expressing temporal and/or aspectual relations. The paper proposes principles and systemic views on their categorical nature, examining the grammatical semantics of the markers in question and of the proper complexes themselves and explaining that the outlined evolution in interpreting grammatical notations and categories allowed a search for new perception of the IML phenomena in the functional-semantical domain of tense and aspect. At the lexical level, verbs are classified into different aspectual meanings. At the syntactical level, there is a type of tense grammatical category. (Contains 26 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia