ERIC Number: ED461263
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Improving the Measurement of Language Aptitude: The Potential Contribution of L1 Measures.
Thain, John W.
Two studies at the Defense Language Institute (California) investigated the contribution of several variables to prediction of post-language-training proficiency: (1) scores on a general vocational aptitude battery and a language aptitude battery, both used to screen potential students; (2) scores on other cognitive measures not used in the screening process; and (3) scores and ratings on measures of student motivation, anxiety, and use of learning strategies. Two additional studies continued the effort to add certain types of native language competency measures to the Defense Language Aptitude Battery used for student selection. One competency measure considered was listening assessment, particularly as it accounted for two factors affecting the difficulty of listening tasks: the extent to which the examinee had the opportunity to rehearse the initial stimulus or recode it for later use; and the extent to which the examinee had a pre-existing mental set enabling application of an appropriate schema to select and organize the stimulus input as needed to perform the testing task. The second native language competency measure considered was grammar testing, particularly speeded grammar tests in which the task is to identify grammatical errors in sentences. Findings and implications for language aptitude test battery development are discussed. (Contains 113 references.) (MSE)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Anxiety, English, Federal Programs, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Language Aptitude, Language Research, Language Tests, Learning Strategies, Listening Comprehension, Measurement Techniques, Predictor Variables, Second Language Learning, Second Language Programs, Second Languages, Stress Variables, Student Characteristics, Student Motivation, Test Construction, Test Use, Testing
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A