ERIC Number: ED461208
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Within Our Reach: Behavior Prevention and Intervention Strategies for Learners with Mental Retardation and Autism. MRDD Prism Series.
Jones, Melissa M.
This booklet explains a system for prevention of and intervention with behavior problems in individuals with mental retardation and autism. The underlying premise is that all behaviors are an effort at communication and that by deciphering the communicative intent or function, one can guide an individual to a more acceptable mode of communication. Other principles of the approach include the importance of distinguishing between punishment and discipline, the importance of the entire behavior episode, and collaborative problem solving. Part 1 focuses on identifying the communicative intent of a problem behavior which usually is about control, attention, or avoidance. Part 2 addresses the specifics of designing the intervention in terms of each of the three goals (control, attention, and avoidance) of communicative intent. A teaching process involving modeling, manding (cuing), independent performance, and fading of support is detailed. Part 3 considers helpful procedures for prevention and intervention, including ignoring, interrupting, redirecting, and rewarding target behaviors. Part 4 offers strategies for proactively managing the home or classroom. Sample scenarios illustrate each component of the system. A glossary is attached. (Contains 20 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Communication Problems, Developmental Disabilities, Instructional Design, Intervention, Mental Retardation, Prevention, Training Methods
Council for Exceptional Children, 1110 Glebe Rd., Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201 ($11.40). Tel: 800-328-0272 (Toll Free); Fax: 703-620-2521; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cec.sped.org.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Exceptional Children, Arlington, VA. Div. on Mental Retardation and Developmental Disablilities.