ERIC Number: ED461063
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reducing Violence: A Research Agenda. A Human Capital Initiative Report.
American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Violence in America is a public health problem of the highest magnitude. In order to address this problem, the causes of violence and an overview of some effective treatment and prevention programs are presented in this booklet. It focuses on biobehavioral factors (ways in which physiological characteristics influence behavior) and centers on such questions as, "To what extent does the relationship between testosterone and aggression promote aggression?" Research regarding socialization factors underlying violence are also examined, with an emphasis on studies correlating the ways children are socialized during their early years and their propensity to act aggressively and violently. Other conditions behind violence include cognitive factors, which can explain why the more aggressive and violent individuals have different ways of processing information, and situational factors, such as family contexts, mob behavior, alcohol and drugs, and guns. Methods for treating the problem and for preventing violence are presented, including details on treatment models for victims and for assailants. Comprehensive prevention models are likewise detailed, along with suggestions for bridging theory and practice. It is argued that a broad-based research initiative, which supports both basic and applied research, is needed to end violence. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.; Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Managed by the APA Public Interest Directorate in collaboration with the Science Directorate and Public Policy Office. Published by the Human Capital Initiative Coordinating Committee.