ERIC Number: ED461041
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Citizenship: Lessons from the History of Community Development.
Martin, Ian; Shaw, Mae
An analysis of community development in British state policy during the post-war period identifies these four discourses of citizenship implicit within successive phases of policy development: social democracy and the problem of the inactive citizen; structuralist critique and the problem of citizen action; marketization and the problem of citizen as customer; and democratic renewal and the challenge of active citizenship. Such changes in policy actively construct and reconstruct the discourses by means of which it is possible to talk about citizenship and what learning citizenship means, a process more sharply defined in the policy and literature of community development than adult education and lifelong learning. Lifelong learning must be seen as an agent that catalyzes through learning the link between active citizenship and social inclusion, an active political process often more clearly exposed in community development than in the discourse of lifelong learning. New Labor has been promoting democratic renewal. An issue is whether politicians and policymakers grasp the challenge of democratic renewal as a political process in which people in communities are regarded as critical allies and creative actors in the building of a new and inclusive kind of democracy. Community workers and adult educators can foster and sustain such an alliance and become key agents in catalyzing the vital connections among active citizenship, lifelong learning, and social inclusion. (Contains 41 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Citizenship Responsibility, Community Action, Community Development, Democracy, Developed Nations, Foreign Countries, Human Relations, Lifelong Learning, Policy Formation, Social Influences, Social Integration
For full text: http://www.ulusofona.pt/inst/eventos/esrea/papers/ian_martin_mae_shaw.pdf.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)