ERIC Number: ED461001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
National Youth Gang Survey, 1996. OJJDP Summary.
Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
The 1996 National Youth Gang Survey was the largest of its type ever conducted, and the results are representative of the United States as a whole. Almost 5,000 law enforcement agencies were surveyed, and more than 80% of the sample responded. Agencies in all large cities, and a random sample of smaller cities were included, as were suburban counties and a random sample of rural counties. Survey recipients were asked questions about youth gangs in their jurisdictions. Results indicate that there were 4,824 jurisdictions throughout the United States with active youth gangs in 1996. It was projected that 30,818 gangs and 846,428 gang members were active in these jurisdictions. Gang activity was reported in 74% of large cities, 57% of suburban counties, 34% of small cities, and 25% of rural counties. The vast majority of gang members were reported to be from 15 to 24 years of age. Males were substantially more involved in gang activity than their female counterparts, with females representing only about 10% of gang members. Nationwide, Caucasians accounted for 14% of all gang members, with Hispanic and African American gang members constituting the majority, especially in the large cities. Gang members were involved in a significant amount of crime, but the degree of involvement and type varied by area and population. Results indicate the substantial size of the youth gang problem in the United States. Twelve appendixes contain supplemental information about gang membership and activity and the survey forms. (Contains 36 tables, 19 figures, and 35 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Intergovernmental Research, Tallahassee, FL. National Youth Gang Center.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.