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ERIC Number: ED460857
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Computers and Calculators in Schools: A Status Report.
Burke, Garfield, Jr.
A position statement on the use of calculators was published in 1991 in which the NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics) strongly urged that calculator usage be promoted by school districts, teachers at every level, authors, and educators. In the 2000 publication of Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, NCTM noted that "Technology is essential in teaching and learning mathematics; it influences the mathematics that is taught and enhances students' learning." In view of NCTM's position on computer and calculator use, there is a need to know how available computers and calculators are in schools, how they are being used, and to what extent. Based on a literature review, the paper reveals that the number of computers and calculators in the schools has grown and will continue to grow and the computers that are now in the schools are not being fully utilized. Text processing tools appeared to be the most common use of computers in school. Calculators appeared to be used mostly for checking paper-and-pencil calculations, developing skills at estimation, and problem solving. Several studies found that teacher training was an important factor in computer use and the fear that traditional skills would not be learned was an important factor in calculator use. Results of the literature review strongly suggest that computers and calculators have been forcing curriculum planners to critically examine the content and methods of teaching secondary school mathematics. Too many teachers are not adequately trained in technology integration or in favor of unrestricted use of calculators. (Contains 18 references.) (MM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A