ERIC Number: ED460805
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Informal Learning Culture through the Life Course: Initiatives in Native Organizations and Communities. NALL Working Paper.
Traditional Ojibway education is currently being delivered by eight First Nations communities on Manitoulin Island and the north shore of Lake Huron, in Ontario. Integration into the formal school system, with the exception of language programs, is not formally established. Elders and traditional teachers are only invited by individual teachers. Integration of the formal education system into the traditional Ojibway system also takes place, through field trips, albeit to a limited extent. Cultural knowledge is transmitted via one-to-one transmission, home-based learning, talking circles, community cultural events, workshops and conferences, and traditional Ojibway institution-based learning. Traditional educational approaches are profoundly different from those of the mainstream educational system. Wholistic (physical, mental, spiritual, emotional) growth and development of the person, experiential learning, oral tradition, and student-centeredness are key elements of the traditional approach. Further, and of vital importance, is the fact that education is grounded in spirituality. Western mainstream education has a narrower scope in that it emphasizes intellectual development to the exclusion of other dimensions. There are a number of concerns related to integrating informal Native education into the formal education system. These include research methodologies utilized; protection of cultural and intellectual property rights; and recognition of traditional indigenous knowledge, traditional teachers, and elders. (Contains 31 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Canada Natives, Chippewa (Tribe), Cultural Education, Cultural Maintenance, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Holistic Approach, Intellectual Property, Lifelong Learning, Nonformal Education, Tribally Controlled Education
For full text: http: //www.oise.utoronto.ca/depts/sese/csew/nall/res/40informallearningculture.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. New Approaches to Lifelong Learning.
Identifiers - Location: Canada