ERIC Number: ED460547
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov-2
Reference Count: N/A
The Educational Attainment of Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Recommendations and Reports.
Gessner, Bradford; Bischoff, Herbert; Perham-Hester, Kathy; Chandler, Bruce; Middaugh, John
This study examined the educational records of 36 children who met all or most of the criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and who were referred to special education in Anchorage, Fairbanks, or Juneau (Alaska) school districts. Thirty of the children were found to have medical comorbidities independent of the findings generally associated with FAS and which by themselves could explain the special education and related services they received. Qualifying conditions for children varied widely and included speech impairment (34 percent), mental retardation (20 percent), pre-school disabilities (14 percent), learning disability (20 percent), serious emotional disturbance (6 percent), and multiple disabilities (6 percent). The types of services received were similarly varied. Intelligence and achievement results varied from high average to severe mental deficiency. The study found that there is no consistent pattern of educational deficit or service requirement associated with FAS. Results also suggest that factors other than in-utero alcohol exposure, including exposure to other in-utero toxins, child abuse and neglect, poverty, and exposure to a chaotic social environment, may determine neurologic and developmental outcomes for children diagnosed with FAS. The study concluded that designating FAS as a qualifying condition for special education services does not seem warranted. (Contains 22 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Alcohol Abuse, Congenital Impairments, Disabilities, Disability Identification, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Multiple Disabilities, Preschool Education, Special Education, Special Health Problems
State of Alaska, Section of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 240249, Anchorage, AK 99524-0249.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska State Dept. of Health and Social Services, Juneau. Div. of Public Health.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska