ERIC Number: ED460458
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
The Syndrome of Hyperlexia vs. High Functioning Autism and Asperger's Syndrome.
Kupperman, Phyllis; Bligh, Sally; Barouski, Kathy
This paper addresses the different characteristics of children with hyperlexia, high functioning autism, and Asperger's Syndrome. It describes the pattern of development of 20 children with the characteristics of hyperlexia (precocious reading development and disordered language acquisition, accompanied with concomitant social and behavioral deficits). It reports on a study which found that hyperlexic children comprised a surprisingly homogeneous group with predictable patterns of development. Some of these patterns included: (1) early words which were lost and not regained until after age 2; (2) early speech and language attempts that were echolalic; (3) language that was learned in "chunks" of whole phrases and even dialogues; (4) idiosyncratic language use; (5) self-stimulatory behaviors and ritualistic behavior; (6) tantrums; (7) difficulties with socializing; and (8) delayed fine motor skills. The paper argues that although hyperlexia has similarities to autism and/or Asperger's syndrome, it should be classified as a separate sub-category of Pervasive Developmental Disorder. (DB)
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Autism, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Child Development, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments, Learning Disabilities, Personality Traits
Center for Speech and Language Disorders, 195 W. Spangler, Suite B, Elmhurst, IL 60126. Tel: 630-530-8551. For full text: http://www.hyperlexia.org/gordy001.html.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Speech and Language Disorders, Elmhurst, IL.