ERIC Number: ED460276
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Training on Women's Micro-Enterprise Development. Education Research Paper. Knowledge & Research.
Leach, Fiona; Abdulla, Salwa; Appleton, Helen; el-Bushra, Judy; Cardenas, Nora; Kebede, Kibre; Lewis, Viv; Sitaram, Shashikala
A study investigated the impact of training on women's micro-enterprise development in four programs in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Sudan. Research design was a series of case studies of projects and programs providing training in technical or business skills. Impact of training was measured against these four indicators: income, access to and control of resources, status, and quality of life. The study examined the training process to find out in what specific ways training helped women to improve and expand their micro-enterprises. The sample in each country consisted of two groups: women about to undergo training (focus of the study) and women who had already received training; 74 women participated. The study showed poor women needed training to develop skills and self-confidence to allow them to operate and survive in the informal sector; access to credit is important but not sufficient for the poorest women; the impact of training and increased income varied in strength but could be negative as well as positive; well-designed and well-delivered training could lead to increased income that could lead to improved self-esteem and status in the household and community; effectively delivered training developed enhanced survival strategies in women; training provided to groups in a participatory model was an empowering and liberating experience for women; and training in generic business skills was more effective than training in technical skills. (Appendixes include 61 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Business Skills, Case Studies, Developing Nations, Entrepreneurship, Females, Foreign Countries, Income, Job Skills, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Quality of Life, Self Esteem, Small Businesses, Social Status, Status, Training Methods, Womens Education
Department for International Development, Education Department, 94 Victoria Street, London, England SW1E 5JL, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department for International Development, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: Ethiopia; India; Peru; Sudan