ERIC Number: ED460237
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan-8
Reference Count: N/A
Challenging Instruction for "All Students": Policy, Practitioners, and Practice. JCPR Working Paper.
Spillane, James P.
This study investigated the local implementation of South Carolina state policy initiatives that proposed more rigorous academic content for all students, analyzing the implementation process in schools with predominantly poor and minority students. The study, conducted between 1992-96, examined data from four urban and rural elementary schools. It examined the relationship between local educators' knowledge and beliefs about disadvantaged students and their beliefs about teaching, learning, and class management, and how these beliefs influenced the implementation of reform policies. State policymakers, central office administrators, school principals, and teachers completed interviews examining such concerns as how teachers viewed the practice proposed by reformers, what they considered the key instruments of reform, and their involvement in reform activity. About half completed multiple interviews. Results highlighted a tremendous gulf between the rhetoric of reform, on the one hand, and local practice and rhetoric, on the other. Local educators had preconceived notions about disadvantaged students. They shelved proposals for more intellectually challenging content and pedagogy, flatly rejecting them as inappropriate and focusing almost exclusively on getting disadvantaged students up-to-speed on basic skills. Various interactions were central in teachers' efforts to reconstruct their practice (e.g., the interaction between teacher knowledge of instruction and beliefs about disadvantaged students). With time and experience, some teachers came to see that their disadvantaged students were interested in and motivated to learn. (Contains 62 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Administrator Attitudes, Black Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Education, Equal Education, Poverty, Rural Schools, State Standards, Teacher Attitudes, Urban Schools
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/wpdownload.cfm?pdflink=wpfiles/ spillane.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.; National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; Consortium for Policy Research in Education.; National Center for Research on Teacher Learning, East Lansing, MI.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina