ERIC Number: ED460233
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Sep-1
Reference Count: N/A
Schools and Suspensions: Self-Reported Crime and the Growing Use of Suspensions. Justice Policy Institute Policy Brief.
Schiraldi, Vincent; Ziedenberg, Jason
Though the media depicts U.S. youth as more criminally prone than they actually are and highlights school shootings, schools are still one of the safest places for youth to be. This policy brief adds perspective to punitive school policies (e.g., zero tolerance policies that require suspension or expulsion) in the face of stable or declining rates of youthful offending in schools. In order to compare rates of school assaults with rates of suspension and expulsion, researchers analyzed the latest available government data for both indexes. From 1976-98, nearly 95 percent of students reported they had not been injured with a weapon at or near school in the past 12 months. Despite relatively stable rates of student victimization over the 23 years, suspensions and expulsions have nearly doubled. The increase seems to have little to do with reported victimization and does not appear to have affected reported victimization markedly. Other research indicates that suspended students often find themselves bereft of any form of education. There are racial disparities in student suspensions, particularly with respect to black makes. Students suspended from school are much more likely to engage in physical fights, carry a weapon, smoke, use alcohol, marijuana and other drugs. (SM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Crime, Elementary Secondary Education, Expulsion, Hispanic American Students, Racial Bias, Racial Differences, School Policy, School Safety, Student Behavior, Suspension, Victimization, Violence, Zero Tolerance Policy
Justice Policy Institute, 1234 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. Suite C1009, Washington, DC 20004. Tel: 202-737-7270; Fax: 202-737-7271. For full text: http://www.cjcj.org/sss/sss.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Open Society Inst., New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.
Authoring Institution: Justic Policy Inst., Washington, DC.