ERIC Number: ED460209
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Associations between Participation in the National School Lunch Program, Food Insecurity, and Child Well-Being. JCPR Working Paper.
Dunifon, Rachel; Kowaleski-Jones, Lori
This study examined the association between food insecurity, participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), and child well-being. Participants were children age 6-12 years in families in which at least one child participated in the NSLP. Data came from the 1997 Child Development Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Food insecurity was measured using a scale developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Child outcomes were measured in the areas of health, behavioral adjustment, and achievement. Data analysis indicated that while food insecurity itself was mostly a product of financial constraints, marginal food insecurity was possibly more attributable to a broader range of socioeconomic and cultural factors. Measures of families' economic status were highly related to children's participation in the NSLP. There was a dramatically increased likelihood of participation in the NSLP among black children. Food insecurity was associated with behavioral problems, increased odds of health limitations, and decreased math scores. After adjusting for selection, participation in the NSLP did not significantly impact child outcomes. The exception was for children in families experiencing child hunger, for whom participation was associated with reduced behavior problems. (Contains 26 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Black Students, Child Behavior, Child Development, Child Health, Elementary Secondary Education, Low Income Groups, Lunch Programs, Mathematics Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Well Being
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/wpdownload.cfm?pdflink=wpfiles/dunifon_kowaleskijones.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.