ERIC Number: ED460175
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
School Vouchers: Examining the Evidence.
This study reviews recent empirical research on the effect of school vouchers on student achievement (particularly for low-income minorities attending private schools) and the effect of the threat of vouchers on low-performing public schools. The study examines the Milwaukee voucher experiment, the Cleveland voucher program, and new voucher research. Research on the voucher programs in Cleveland and Milwaukee indicate that for African American students these programs have little or no positive effect on their academic achievement. Research from Dayton, Ohio, New York, New York, and Washington, D.C. shows no significant test score gains for Hispanic and White voucher students but statistically significant gains for African American students. However, several methodological issues make these comparisons of achievement problematic. Findings that the threat of vouchers for students in failing public school caused math and writing gains among Florida's lowest-performing schools to increase significantly more than gains of higher-performing schools are plagued by methodological problems. Three papers are appended: "What Caused the Effects of the Florida A+ Program: Ratings or Vouchers?" (Doug Harris); "Replication of Jay Greene's Voucher Effect Study Using Texas Performance Data" (Amanda Brownson); and "Replication of Jay Greene's Voucher Effect Study Using North Carolina Data" (Helen F. Ladd and Elizabeth J. Glennie). (Contains 33 endnotes and 29 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Hispanic American Students, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Children, Private Schools, Program Effectiveness, Public Schools, School Choice
Economic Policy Institute, 1660 L Street, N.W., Suite 1200, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-775-8810. For full text: http://www.epinet.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Policy Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia; New York (New York); Ohio (Cleveland); Ohio (Dayton); Texas; Wisconsin (Milwaukee)