ERIC Number: ED460162
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Nov
Legal Issues To Be Considered When Testing Teachers for Initial Licensing.
Pascoe, Donna; Halpin, Glennelle
This review covers the test components of validity, reliability, job-relatedness, and test bias in relation to teacher licensing examinations and the legal decisions that have affected policy in this area. The literature provides a history of court decisions and legal rulings that have shaped policy, test design, and test use. The important criteria for implementing a fair and legal program of testing teachers for initial licensure are discussed, along with the guidelines that provide a framework for determining the proper use of tests and other selection procedures. Although the testing of teachers for initial licensure has been challenged on legal grounds purporting discrimination, the courts have upheld the practice of professional employment testing when tests are: (1) not used to discriminate; (2) shown to be job related; and (3) indicative of job qualifications and performance. Criterion-related tests that determine a teacher candidate's competency have become respectable tools for educational improvement. It is not easy to be well-informed about current legal practice with regard to professional licensure, but it is important. (Contains 26 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (30th, Little Rock, AR, November 14-16, 2001).