ERIC Number: ED460122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Children and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: What Classroom Teachers Should Know. ERIC Digest.
Grosse, Susan J.
Children may be exposed to trauma in their personal lives or at school. Teachers can prepare children to cope with trauma by understanding the nature of trauma, teaching skills for responding to emergencies, and learning how to mitigate the after-effects of trauma. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has specific characteristics and circumstances, including situations perceived as life-threatening, outside the scope of normal life experiences, involving death, and during which children experience total loss of control. Survival skills include being able to follow directions, get help, mitigate specific emergencies, report circumstances, and say no firmly. Implementing survival skills requires recognizing right from wrong. Teachers can take steps to prepare children ahead of time and lessen the PTSD potential (teaching about trauma, teaching survival skills, debriefing after a trauma, and helping children regain control). Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing an event, avoiding reminders of the event, sleep disturbance, and continual thought pattern interruptions around the event. Diagnosing PTSD requires evaluation by trained mental health professionals. Teachers have a role in identifying and referring students. Teachers can help children suspected of PTSD by discouraging reliance on avoidance, talking about feelings, encouraging return to normal activities, and seeking professional help. (17 additional resources are listed.) (SM)
Descriptors: Coping, Elementary Secondary Education, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Stress Management, Stress Variables, Teacher Role
ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 1307 New York Ave., N.W., Suite 300, Washington, DC 20005-4701. Tel: 202-293-2450; Tel: 800-822-9229 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www.ericsp.org.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, Washington, DC.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.