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ERIC Number: ED460062
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Emerging Musical Literacy: Investigating Young Children's Music Cognition and Musical Problem-Solving through Invented Notations.
McCusker, Joan
A qualitative study was conducted in the winter of 2000 with children enrolled in a Clef Club, the fourth level of an early childhood music program sponsored by the Eastman School's Community Education Division (Rochester, NY). Eleven participants, ages 4.7 to 6.6, enrolled in 3 sections of the 10-week program taught by the researcher. Classroom videotapes and written transcripts from the 45-minute class sessions provided 30 hours of observational data documenting children's musical behaviors and responses to invented notation tasks. Data from classroom observations, a researcher-designed parental questionnaire, and Gordon's Primary Measure of Music Audiation (PMMA) test scores were analyzed and reported in individual child-profiles documenting each child's musical behaviors over time. These profiles provided multiple lenses for investigating each child's musical behaviors and making comparisons across classes. An assessment inventory was designed to document the range of musical behaviors over time. Data emerging from the study provided insights into children's musical thinking, referred to in the study as children's "emerging musical literacy." Children's invented notations were categorized as pictorial, pictorial-iconic, and iconic. Rhythm was depicted more often than melody. In this study, however, age was not so strong an influence on musical behaviors as was developmental readiness, language literacy, and out-of-school music experiences. An unexpected theme which emerged from the data was how each class of children developed as a "community of learners" and the strong influence this social context had on children's music-making. (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (Rochester)