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ERIC Number: ED460061
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Construction of Musical Understandings: The Cognition-Flow Interface.
Custodero, Lori A.
The study's specific goals were to adapt conventional flow methodology to define and operationalize young children's cognitive strategies exhibited during their participation in adult-guided musical activities; and develop a valid and functional method of assessing young children's musical cognition "in situ" through systematic and rigorous observation of their overt behaviors in this music learning context. To realize these objectives, a three part procedure was implemented: (1) development of the instrument; (2) determination of the instrument's reliability through an examination of agreement between multiple raters; and (3) determination of the instrument's validity through analytical comparisons with past research of flow experience. Participants consisted of one class of 11 beginning music students, ranging in age from 4.5 years-5.9 years. Eight weekly 1-hour music classes were videotaped for analysis. Through direct observations and analysis of these children's learning experiences, a coding scheme, the Flow Indicators in Musical Activities (FIMA) form, was developed based on Csikszentmihalyi's Experience Sampling Form. Data were coded by focusing on a single participant throughout an entire musical event. It was concluded that: (1) flow is an observable phenomenon and the FIMA form is a valid and reliable tool for assessing flow in young children's music learning experiences; (2) children employ cognitive strategies to construct their own musical understandings; (3) in a music learning context, the quality of adult intervention plays an important role in children's quality of experience and flow; and (4) young children use peers and adults in their music educational environment differently. (Contains 4 tables and 36 references.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A