ERIC Number: ED459960
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
State Child Care Profile for Children with Employed Mothers: Washington. State Profiles. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Snyder, Kathleen; Adams, Gina
This report draws on a recent survey--the 1997 National Survey of America's Families (NSAF)--to examine child care arrangements and expenses for working families with children under age 13 in the state of Washington. Key components of the project include a household survey, studies of policies in 13 states, and a database with information on all states and the District of Columbia. This report provides data on the types of child care arrangements families use, the number of arrangements they use, the hours children spend in child care, and the amount families spend on child care. The report begins by describing key facts related to child care in Washington and defining relevant terms. Findings regarding the types and number of child care arrangements and the hours spent in care are examined for children under 5 years of age. Findings on the numbers of school-age children in supervised arrangements, self-care, and parent/other care follow. Child care expenses are examined for all families overall and for two particular groups of families: those with older versus younger children, and families with different earnings levels. Costs in Washington are then compared to those nationwide. Findings of this report reveal that more than half of Washington mothers with children under age 5 and more than 60 percent with school-age children are employed. More than 60 percent of children under age 5 with employed mothers are in some form of nonparental child care, with one-third in full-time care. Slightly fewer than half of 6- to 9-year-olds with employed mothers are in a supervised arrangement, compared with one-third of 10- to 12-year-olds. Self-care increases as children get older. Of families who pay for care, low-income families spend almost three times as much on child care as a percentage of their earnings as do higher-earning families. (KB)
Descriptors: Children, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Characteristics, Family Financial Resources, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Profiles, School Age Day Care
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Washington