ERIC Number: ED459951
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
State Child Care Profile for Children with Employed Mothers: California. State Profiles. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Snyder, Kathleen; Adams, Gina
This report draws on a recent survey--the 1997 National Survey of America's Families (NSAF)--to examine child care arrangements and expenses for working families with children under age 13 in the state of California. Key components of the project include a household survey, studies of policies in 13 states, and a database with information on all states and the District of Columbia. This report provides data on the types of child care arrangements families use, the number of arrangements they use, the hours children spend in child care, and the amount families spend on child care. The report begins by describing key facts related to child care in California and defining relevant terms. Findings regarding the types and number of child care arrangements and the hours spent in care are examined for children under 5 years of age. Findings on the numbers of school-age children in supervised arrangements, self-care, and parent/other care follow. Child care expenses are examined for all families overall and for two particular groups of families: those with older versus younger children, and families with different earnings levels. Costs in California are then compared to those nationwide. Findings of this report reveal that slightly fewer than half of mothers with children under age 5 and 60 percent of mothers with school-age children are employed. More than 60 percent of children under age 5 of employed mothers are in a nonparental care arrangement, with fewer than 33 percent in full-time nonparental care. Almost one-fourth of 6- to 9- year-olds with employed mothers are in before- and after- school programs, compared to fewer than one-tenth of 10- to 12-year-olds. The use of self-care increases as school-age children get older. Low income families spend more than twice as much on child care as a percentage of their earnings as do higher-income families. (KB)
Descriptors: Children, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Characteristics, Family Financial Resources, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Profiles, School Age Day Care
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www.urban.org.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: California