ERIC Number: ED459939
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
The Outcomes of Teenage Motherhood in Europe. Innocenti Working Papers.
Berthoud, Richard; Robson, Karen
This study used regression analysis techniques to examine the current positions of women whose first child was born when they were teenagers, across countries in the European Union, based on the European Community Household Panel survey. Outcomes considered include educational attainment, family structure, family employment, and household income. Data were obtained from the third wave of data collection in 1996, the sample for which consisted of 61,006 households in 14 countries. Women between ages 16 and 64 at the time of the survey were considered for this study. Results indicated that women whose first child was born during their teenage years were disadvantaged in all countries, but the severity of their position varied substantially between countries. About half the women who had a child at age 18 gained upper secondary education qualifications; the proportion was 89 percent for women who delayed having a child until age 28. Forty percent of 18-year-old mothers were in poverty when their child was 10-years-old, compared to only 11 percent of the 28-year-old mothers. In most countries, young mothers were less likely to be in formal marriages, with the exception of Greece. In the majority of countries, young mothers were less likely to have a job or to have a partner in work. The Netherlands was the country where young mothers were most disadvantaged. A second group of countries (France, Belgium, Denmark, United Kingdom, Ireland, and Finland) had severe consequences for young mothers. A third group of countries (Portugal, Germany, Greece, Austria, Italy, and Spain) showed less strong consequences. (Contains 8 figures, 29 tables, an appended table, and 16 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Adults, Births to Single Women, Comparative Analysis, Early Parenthood, Educational Attainment, Employed Parents, Family Income, Family Structure, Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, One Parent Family, Poverty, Surveys
UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Piazza SS. Annunziata, 12, 50122 Florence, Italy. Tel: +39-055-203-30; Fax: +39-055-244-817; e-mail: Florence.email@example.com. For full text: http://www.unicef-icdc.org/publications/pdf/iwp86.pdf.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, Florence (Italy). Innocenti Research Centre.
Identifiers - Location: European Union