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ERIC Number: ED459921
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug-25
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Parent-Focused Interventions: A Meta-Analytic Consideration of Risk and Outcome Categories.
Clark, Jennifer W.
This study explored the potential of meta-analysis for assessing the efficacy of interventions designed for parents of young, environmentally at-risk children. Included in the sample were 232 evaluations of 282 parent-focused interventions implemented between 1965 and 1999; evaluations met 10 criteria, including the inclusion of a treatment and comparison group. Parental risk factors involved low SES, adolescence, low birth weight infants, elevated risk of abuse/neglect, or an emotional problem. Outcomes were child development, home environment, parental knowledge and attitudes, dyadic interaction, caretaking, and abuse/neglect. Effect sizes were calculated by outcome domain for all risk categories combined and separately for the categories of low SES, parental adolescence, elevated abuse/neglect risk, and low birth weight infant. Although the findings fell into a pattern aligning with Olds and Kitzman's (1993) view that adolescent parents and parents of low birth weight infants are two groups especially benefiting from early intervention, no conclusions were drawn about the efficacy of parent-focused interventions due to unanswered questions about measuring the effects of such interventions. Limitations of meta-analysis include its dependence upon the type of information measured and reported in the sampled studies and the substantial amount of inaccuracy in the data involved. Nevertheless, it was thought that meta-analysis can suggest fruitful directions for additional research into intervention in areas where there is adequate information for coding. (Includes 6 tables and 5 figures detailing results.) (KB)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A