ERIC Number: ED459755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
License Fees: Barrier or Opportunity for Access to Electronic Content?
Cornish, Graham P.
This paper on licensing fees for information services begins by defining the concept of a license and poses the question of whether licenses are "friends or foes." License differences between the traditional paper and electronic worlds are summarized, including issues related to copying, transmission and publishing, prevention of illegal copying, integrity and paternity, and problems of transformation, translation, and adaptation. Legislation in some countries permitting material to be copied for the benefit of VIPs is also addressed. The following benefits of licenses are listed: establish a proper relationship between owner and user; avoid ambiguity; can free the user to do many things that would not be permitted otherwise; allow both owners and users to reach parts of the market that would otherwise be closed to them; and put VIPs on the same footing as other member of society. The following drawbacks are presented: licenses need agreement; owners may limit the forms of output for electronic materials and require extra payment for other formats; owners may refuse to grant a license; owners may use licenses to avoid the privileges given to various groups under national law; and levels of license fees are difficult to negotiate. Finally, the question of who pays for access to materials for many groups in society is considered. (MES)
Descriptors: Access to Information, Fees, Information Services, Legislation, User Needs (Information), Users (Information)
For full text: http://www.ifla.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A