ERIC Number: ED459656
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Oct
Hate Crimes on Campus: The Problem and Efforts To Confront It. Hate Crimes Series. Bureau of Justice Assistance Monograph.
Wessler, Stephen; Moss, Margaret
This monograph examines four aspects of the problem of bias, prejudice, and hate crimes on American college and university campuses. First, the monograph examines the prevalence of hate crimes on campuses, considering who is targeted, the kinds of crimes that are committed, and the frequency and impact of bias incidents. The monograph then identifies common problems college communities have experienced in responding to hate crimes and provides recommendations for prompt, effective, and appropriate responses. It also describes several promising efforts to respond to campus hate crimes and implement prevention programs. Finally, the monograph explains the difference between hate crimes and bias incidents and discusses the factors police consider to determine whether a hate crime has been committed. For various reasons, reliable statistics on hate crimes on campuses are elusive, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation in its 1998 report, based on data from 450 colleges and universities, identified 241 incidents of hate crimes at institutions. Of these, 57% were considered motivated by race, 18% by anti-Semitism, and 16% by bias based on sexual orientation. Hate crimes occur at virtually every type of college and university in every part of the United States, and such crimes impair the educational mission of an institution of higher learning and deprive students and faculty of an atmosphere free of fear and intimidation. "Commonly Asked Questions about Hate Crimes and Bias Incidents" and resources for more information are appended. (SLD)
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Colleges, Crime Prevention, Educational Environment, Hate Crime, Higher Education, Incidence, Racial Bias
Web site: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Assistance.; Community Research Associates, Pittsburgh, PA.; University of Southern Maine, Gorham. Center for the Study and Prevention of Hate Violence.