NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED459619
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Phonation Types in Amerindian Languages.
Epstein, Melissa A.; Ladefoged, Peter
This paper lays out techniques for investing different types of phonation from acoustic data. Nearly all the world's languages distinguish between voiced and voiceless phonation. Many languages use other phonation types, such as the breathy voice--also described as speaking while sighing. Another kind of voice quality, one frequently found in Athabaskan languages, is creaky voice in which the vocal folds are pressed together more tightly than usual. So-called glottalized sounds often have this voice quality. Creaky and breathy voice differ from regular voice--called modal voice--in opposite ways. In breathy voice, the vocal chords are further apart and let more air pass through than in modal voice, whereas in creaky voice (also called pressed voice) the vocal chords are pressed tightly together, largely blocking the airflow. Acoustic data analyzed by computer is the means of gathering data for this research project. Specifically, this paper looks at the breathy voice of Jalapa Mazatec, an Otomanguen language spoken in Mexico. This is contrasted with the squeaky voice of Montana Salish, or San Lucas Quiavini Zapotec. (KFT)
Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Box 757680, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7680 (papers not sold individually; proceedings, $10 plus $3.95 shipping). Tel: 907-474-7874; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Alaska Native Language Center.
Identifiers - Location: Mexico