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ERIC Number: ED459422
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Phive Phones of Reading.
Wren, Sebastian
The five "phones" of reading--phonics, phonetic spelling, phoneme awareness, phonological awareness, and phonology--all share the same "phon" root, so they are easy to confuse, but they are definitely different, and each very important to reading education. Phonics is an instructional approach that emphasizes the letter-sound relationships (which letters represent which sounds). Phonetic reading and writing is a behavior the child exhibits that involves "sounding out" words the way they are written or writing words the way they sound (again, relating to the way letters represent speech sounds). Phonology has to do with the ability to hear the difference between different speech sounds (and has nothing to do with the letters of the alphabet). Phonological awareness is a term used to describe the child's generic understanding that spoken words are made up of sounds, and phoneme awareness specifically refers to a child's knowledge that the basic building blocks of spoken words are the phonemes. (RS)
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 211 E. 7th St., Austin, TX 78701-3281. Tel: 800-476-6861 (Toll Free); Web site:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.