ERIC Number: ED459370
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Spirituality in Adult and Higher Education. ERIC Digest.
Tisdell, Elizabeth J.
Until very recently, with the exception of adult religious education, spirituality has been given little attention in mainstream academic adult education. This may be because spirituality is difficult to define and can be confused with religion. The subject of spirituality is currently a theme in workplace and human resource development literature. Most recent discussions in adult and higher education specifically focus on the role of spirituality in teaching and learning. Attending to spirituality in learning does not necessarily mean that one needs to discuss it directly in classes or learning activities, although there may be occasions for drawing it into course content. Given the connection between adult learning and adult development, discussions of spiritual development are relevant to concerns in adult education. Most developmental theorists who write about spiritual development connect it with other aspects of development. Most often cited is Fowler (1981) who developed a stage theory of faith development. Many writers draw on Fowler's work but focus on spiritual development at particular points in the life cycle. The role of spirituality in culturally relevant education and emancipatory education efforts is being addressed. Spirituality is one way people construct knowledge and meaning. It works in consort with the affective, the rational or cognitive, and the unconscious and symbolic domains. (Contains 36 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Development, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Beliefs, Constructivism (Learning), Culturally Relevant Education, Higher Education, Human Resources, Labor Force Development, Philosophy, Religious Education, Spiritual Development, Spirituality, Values
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/pubs.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.