ERIC Number: ED459337
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Oct
Confronting the Youth Demographic Challenge: The Labor Market Prospects of Out-of-School Young Adults. Policy Issues Monograph.
Sum, Andrew; Fogg, Neeta; Mangum, Garth
The labor market prospects of out-of-school young adults and options for improving the employment and earnings potential of all young adults were examined. The following issues were among those considered: demographic and social factors affecting young adults' employment prospects; employment trends and labor market problems in the United States in 1989-1999; and trends in the real weekly earnings of employed young adults. The analysis revealed that, although most young adults have benefited from the improved labor market conditions of the 1990s, many out-of-school young adults, especially those with no postsecondary schooling, continue to encounter severe difficulties in obtaining access to career jobs. The following were among the main conclusions: (1) keeping young people in school with continuous learning gains remains the most promising avenue for increasing the economic, social, and personal betterment of the nation's young adults; (2) remaining in school and performing successfully depends on earlier acquisition of basic academic skills and literacy/numeracy proficiencies; and (3) for those who have left formal schooling, employer-provided job training remains a proven strategy for improving the labor market prospects of out-of-school young adults. (One hundred twenty tables/figures are included. The methodology used to estimate the number of 18- to 24-year old male inmates is appended. Contains 286 footnotes.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Adolescents, Apprenticeships, At Risk Persons, Basic Skills, Disadvantaged Youth, Education Work Relationship, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Qualifications, Ethnic Groups, Family Work Relationship, Futures (of Society), Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Labor Market, Literacy Education, Minority Groups, Needs Assessment, Numeracy, Out of School Youth, Policy Formation, Population Trends, Postsecondary Education, Poverty, Prisoners, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Secondary Education, Social Influences, Trend Analysis, Work Experience, Work Experience Programs, Young Adults, Youth Employment, Youth Problems, Youth Programs
Sar Levitan Center, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Wyman Park Building, 5th Floor, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 ($10). Tel: 410-516-7169; Fax: 410-516-4775; Web site: http://www.levitan.org/index.html.
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Council on Employment Policy, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Sar Levitan Center for Social Policy Studies.
Note: With Neal Fogg and Sheila Palma.