NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED459137
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Double-Shift Secondary Schools: Possibilities and Issues. Secondary Education Series.
Linden, Toby
The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of a series, which addresses a wide range of topics within secondary education that reflect current challenges. The paper, a country case study, explores the complexity of secondary education and training systems and the correspondingly difficult choices that governments face in reforming them. Specifically, the paper discusses secondary schools that teach two sets of students in two shifts--an arrangement used where the supply of schools is inadequate to provide single-shift schools for all students. It considers the circumstances in which double-shift schools are used and the issues raised by this type of arrangement. The paper cites Brazil and Malaysia as two countries with significant numbers of students in double-shift secondary schools, with significant numbers of double-shift schools also found in Turkey and Romania. It concludes that double-shift schools appear to offer an adequate education and, therefore, appear to be a viable solution, at least in the short to medium term, for countries seeking to expand their secondary education systems within resource constraints. Contains 13 notes, a table, and 18 references. (BT)
Education Advisory Service, Human Development Network, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433-0002. Tel: 202-477-1234; Fax: 202-477-6391; e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Brazil; Malaysia