ERIC Number: ED459134
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Turkey: Secondary Education and Training. Secondary Education Series.
Fretwell, David H.; Wheeler, Antony
The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of a series which addresses a wide range of topics within secondary education that reflect current challenges. The paper, a country case study, describes the development of secondary education and training in Turkey. The relatively recent and rapid expansion of post-primary education is reflected in the fact that as recently as 1996 only 17% of the 25-64 age group had completed secondary education. The paper furnishes data for post-primary education for males and females, discusses the issues of quality and learning, equal access to education, management and institutional development, innovations, and World Bank support to Turkey. It cites the following issues faced by Turkish secondary education: over-centralization; employer participation; career guidance and graduate follow-up; teacher status and service conditions; and finance. Annexed are data giving the percentage share of students in secondary education for the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (BT)
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Developing Nations, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Training
Education Advisory Service, Human Development Network, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433-0002. Tel: 202-477-1234; Fax: 202-477-6391; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. For full text: http://www1.worldbank.org/education/secondary/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: Turkey