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ERIC Number: ED459132
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
China: Challenges of Secondary Education. Secondary Education Series.
Liang, Xiaoyan
The World Bank has been assisting the efforts of developing countries to reform secondary education systems for more than 35 years. During this period, the context and imperatives for education reform have changed considerably due to various factors such as globalization of the world economy and the impact of new technologies. This paper is one of a series which addresses a wide range of topics within secondary education that reflect current challenges. The paper, a country case study, aims to provide an overview of the achievements, issues, and challenges of the primary and secondary education systems in China. The paper places particular emphasis on the secondary education system because the issues in secondary education are complicated and diverse and not well defined--secondary education includes lower and upper secondary schooling (formal, general, and vocational), vocational training, and other regularly available educational opportunities, such as non-formal equivalency programs. Data come from both Ministry of Education's publications of annual statistics and the published databases of UNESCO, the World Bank, UNDP. The paper is divided into the following sections: "Introduction"; "Description of the Chinese Education and Training System"; "Economic, Social and Demographic Context"; "Educational Context"; "Challenges in Primary Education"; "Challenges in Secondary Education and Training"; "Innovations and Government Strategies"; and "Summary of Issues." Contains 5 notes, 4 figures, 9 tables, and 19 references. (BT)
Education Advisory Service, Human Development Network, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433-0002. Tel: 202-477-1234; Fax: 202-477-6391; e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.
Identifiers - Location: China