ERIC Number: ED459052
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec-18
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Work and Schooling: Does Gender Matter? Evidence from the Peru LSMS Panel Data. Working Paper.
Using panel data from Peru, this paper investigates the determinants of the allocation of boys' and girls' time to schooling, housework, and income-generating activities. Specifically, it explores whether sickness, employment of adult women, infrastructure, and female headship have different impacts on the time use of boys and girls. Girls mostly engage in housework, and boys mostly work outside the home. As a work activity, housework responds to economic incentives and constraints. The findings suggest that changes in household welfare affect the schooling and work of girls more than boys. Even though educational attainment rates of boys and girls are the same, girls' education responds more to changes in household welfare than does that of boys. Similarly, girls are more likely to adjust their home time in response to changes in adult female employment and to sickness of household members than boys. Differences in these patterns between rural and urban households and between Indigenous and non-Indigenous households are also discussed. The traditional approach to the determinants of child labor and education, which excludes housework, may understate children's time use, particularly that of girls. It may, therefore, also overlook an important gender dimension of educational policy. Appendices present determinants of child and adult sickness, five figures, and five tables. (Contains 24 references.) (Author/TD)
Descriptors: Child Labor, Children, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Elementary Education, Employed Women, Family Environment, Family Influence, Females, Foreign Countries, Housework, Males, Poverty, Rural Urban Differences, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Womens Education
For full text: http://econ.worldbank.org/view.php?topic=10&type=5&id=3191.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Peru