ERIC Number: ED459046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
School Subsidies for the Poor: Evaluating the Mexican Progresa Poverty Program. Center Discussion Paper.
Schultz, T. Paul
In rural Mexico, the Progresa program provided educational grants to poor mothers of children enrolled in grades 3-9 and attending 85 percent of the school days. Payments were increased at the higher grades, a premium was paid for girls enrolled in grades 7-9, and every 6 months the grants were adjusted upward to compensate for inflation. The grants were substantial; a family with a ninth-grade daughter received an amount equal to 44 percent of a typical day-laborer's wage. This paper evaluates the program's effect on enrollment in 1998-2000, during which the program was implemented randomly in 314 of the 495 poorest rural villages in central and southern Mexico. Analysis focused on a panel sample of 19,716 children who could be followed and matched in five household surveys conducted between October 1997 and November 1999. Before the program started, Progresa villages and control villages did not differ significantly in enrollment rates of poor children. In the 3 survey rounds collected after September 1998, Progresa had a significant impact on the enrollment of each group of children who had completed grades 1-6 the previous year, with differences often greater for girls than boys. The cumulative cohort effect on schooling attainment was estimated to be 0.66 years. Progresa also significantly reduced the poor-nonpoor inequality in enrollment rates for grades 4-6. An appendix analyzes Progresa's effects on child labor and fertility rates. (Contains 29 references, 24 footnotes, 24 tables, and 4 figures.) (SV)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Child Labor, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Rate, Family Income, Females, Foreign Countries, Grants, Males, Poverty Programs, Rural Education, Rural Family
Publications Office, Economic Growth Center, Yale University, P.O. Box 208269, New Haven, CT 06520-8269 ($2). Fax: 203-432-3898. For full text: http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp834.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Economic Growth Center.
Identifiers - Location: Mexico