ERIC Number: ED459037
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Interstate Variations in Rural Student Achievement and Schooling Conditions. ERIC Digest.
This digest reviews research on the status of rural student achievement and schooling conditions and describes variations across the nation and the states. Between 1992 and 1996, rural students began to outperform nonrural students on the 8th-grade mathematics assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Despite this aggregate national trend, the states varied substantially in rural students' mathematics achievement and in the achievement gap between rural and nonrural students. An examination of rural schooling conditions that affect student achievement indicates that rural schools, most of which are small, harbor inherent advantages and disadvantages. However, overly generalized conclusions about rural schooling conditions may obscure large variations among and within states. Interstate variations in the rural-nonrural achievement gap are closely related to interstate variations in key schooling conditions, such as instructional resources and professional training. Research in seven states on the effects of district or school size and poverty found that the effects of size on excellence (level of average achievement) varied greatly across states, while the effects of size on equity (the relationship between achievement and socioeconomic status) was highly consistent across states. A lack of consensus about what works for improving rural education is complicated by the variance in rural schooling conditions and in definitions of "rural." (Contains 14 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Environment, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement, Poverty, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, School Size, Small Schools, Socioeconomic Influences, Student School Relationship
ERIC/CRESS, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348. Tel: 800-624-9120 (Toll Free). For full text: http://www.ael.org/eric/digests/edorc01-5.htm.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.