ERIC Number: ED459030
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Consensus or Compromise? Making the School-Based Curricula in Lower-Level Comprehensive Schools in Finland. Research [Report].
Hamalainen, Seppo, Ed.; Kimonen, Eija, Ed.; Nevalainen, Raimo, Ed.; Nikki, Maija-Liisa, Ed.
In the 1990s, educational policy in Finland shifted to decentralization and the granting of more local control to municipalities and schools, with the intent of encouraging more active, locally relevant learning. Within national guidelines, schools develop their own curricula and do their own budgeting. Case studies examine how three different kinds of schools have interpreted the national core curriculum in the development of their school-based curriculum, how their plans were implemented, and what the outcomes were. The first case study examines the connections between curriculum change and school culture in a small rural school. In this school, the development and implementation of the curriculum influenced teacher views of knowledge, learning, and education in a more progressive direction, but this change was not reflected in actual teaching practice to any great extent. The next case study involved an urban school of 186 pupils in which curriculum development was ongoing and well developed. The study focused on curriculum leadership and the roles of different persons in the development of the school-based curriculum, teacher commitment to the curriculum, and the evaluation of the curriculum. The third case study examines a suburban school with 184 pupils. Interviewees felt that developing the curriculum had increased cooperation among the staff, who were satisfied with it and felt it to be their own. However, their attempt at merging behaviorist and constructivist methods was unsuccessful--teachers seemed unable to break out of their traditional teacher-centered approach. This book includes overviews of the Finnish educational system and the system's new administrative culture. (Contains 124 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Curriculum Development, Decentralization, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Resistance to Change, School Based Management, School Culture, Small Schools
University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Teacher Education, P.O. Box 35, FIN-40351, Jyvaskyla, Finland 12.27 Euro/73 Finnish Marks). Kampus Kirja Bookshop, P.O. Box 377, FIN-40101, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Academy of Finland, Helsinki.; Ministry of Education, Helsinki (Finland).
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland