ERIC Number: ED459002
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Targeting Early Childhood Care and Education: Myths and Realities. Occasional Paper.
There is growing acknowledgement that optimal early childhood development is crucial not only for health, well-being, and competence but also for society at large. This second paper in a series focuses on the period from birth to age 6 and draws on research from Canada and other countries to address several questions of children's development, including the following: (1) What are the known threats to young children's optimal development?; (2) Which types of targeted programs promote the development of vulnerable children and under what circumstances?; and (3) To what extend is the current approach to targeting early childhood programs consistent with what we know about what is required to promote young children's development? The paper discusses research evidence from evaluations of three categories of programs intended to promote development of at-risk children: child-focused programs, parent-focused programs, and two-generation programs. The research evidence examined clearly demonstrates that the most effective way of enhancing the development of at-risk children is through center-based, group programs. The research evidence shows that the development of at-risk children is not promoted by programs that are solely parent-focused or by two-generation programs. Following an executive summary, the paper's chapters are: (1) "Supporting the Development of Canada's Children; (2) "Identification of Vulnerable Children"; (3) "Targeted Child-Focused Programs"; (4) "Targeted Parent-Focused Programs"; (5) "Two-Generation Programs"; (6) "Universal Programs"; and (7) "Policy Implications." (Contains 232 references.) (HTH)
Descriptors: Child Health, Children, Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Individual Development, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Well Being
Childcare Resource and Research Unit, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, 455 Spadina Avenue, Room 305, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2G8, Canada. Tel: 416-978-6895; Fax: 416-971-2139; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.childcarecanada.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Human Resources Development Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Toronto Univ. (Ontario). Centre for Urban and Community Studies.
Identifiers - Location: Canada