ERIC Number: ED458972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
State of the World's Newborns: A Report from Saving Newborn Lives.
Costello, Anthony; Francis, Victoria; Byrne, Ali; Puddephatt, Claire
There has been little change in newborn mortality in the past 20 years, even through proven, cost-effective solutions exist to save many of these young lives. This report reviews the most recent data on the newborn, revealing the alarming poor health and quality of health care for mothers and newborns in virtually all impoverished countries. The report identifies infections, complications of prematurity, and birth asphyxia and injuries as the primary causes of newborn mortality, with low birth weight an important secondary factor. Another major cause of neonatal deaths in developing countries is identified as poor maternal health, especially during pregnancy. The report argues that many of these neonatal deaths can be prevented with three cost-effective solutions that do not depend on highly technical training or sophisticated equipment: (1) tetanus toxoid immunization; (2) skilled health care at delivery; and (3) immediate and exclusive breastfeeding. Further, the report maintains that policymakers, nongovernmental organizations, health care professionals, and community leaders need to collaborate in strengthening existing health care delivery systems to provide expectant mothers and their babies the care they need. A key part to this effort is advocating for and creating policies that address newborns' special needs. The report's appendices include tables providing information on newborn health status and on newborn health services and practices, by country, and as well as each country's rank on the Human Development Index, a composite indicator of development status that includes life expectancy at birth, educational achievement, and real gross domestic product per capita. (Contains 84 endnotes.) (KB)
Descriptors: Breastfeeding, Child Health, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Health Services, Immunization Programs, Infant Mortality, Infants, Mortality Rate, Neonates
Save the Children, Department of Public Affairs and Communications, 54 Wilton Road, Westport, CT 06880. Tel: 203-221-4000; Fax: 203-226-6709; Web site: http://www.savethechildren.org.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Save the Children, Westport, CT.