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ERIC Number: ED458911
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Pages: 201
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Predicting Student Retention and Academic Achievement in Western United States Associate Degree in Nursing Programs.
Wilson, Margaret
This study addresses the extreme shortage of registered nurses (RNs) in California and the changing demographics of those entering the occupation. It focuses on the issue that racially diverse RN students have shown a significantly lower completion rate than their white counterparts. Since community colleges provide 70% of the hospital-based RN workforce, the study included 6 community colleges with associate degree nursing programs. Questionnaires were used from 211 student participants. The sample demographic was 16% male and 84% female respondents. Forty-five percent of the sample were under 26 years old and 9% were over 40. The ethnicity was as follows: 39% White Non-Hispanic, 28% Hispanic, 9% Black, 1% Native American, 13% Asian, 5% Pacific Islander, and 5% other. Thirty-two percent of the sample declared dependent children. Twenty-nine percent of the sample claimed an income lower than $20,000, while 28% reported income over $50,000. The study found that lower annual income, job hours over 20 per week, English not the native language, birthplace outside the United States, and ethnicity non-Caucasian were factors that correlated significantly with a greater risk for attrition. The study recommends that nursing candidates with low science indices, poor English fluency, and low reading scores should be provided with a concise remediation program and should be mentored consistently. Appendixes include: Consent and Human Rights Forms; Data Collection Instrument; Self-Efficacy Strength Test; Student Perceptual Appraisal; and Outcomes Inventory Form. (Contains 17 tables and approximately 175 references.) (NB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California