ERIC Number: ED458773
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
The Challenges of Gangs and Youth Violence in the Schools. Fourth CCBD Mini-Library Series: Addressing the Diverse Needs of Children and Youth with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders--Programs That Work.
Grant, Sharon H.; Van Acker, Richard
Review of the current knowledge concerning youth violence and gang behavior considers risk factors for violence and gang formation, functions served by violence and gang membership, and strategies that have been empirically validated to be either beneficial or ineffective. Following an introductory chapter, the first chapter looks at the nature of aggression, including risk factors associated with aggression and violence, the function of violence, and peer association and the development of violence and aggression. The following chapter focuses on youth gangs including reasons for gang memberships and why schools cannot combat violence and gang activity alone. A self-study to help schools identify needs and resources is included. Next, prevention and intervention programs are addressed with emphasis on empirically validated or promising programs. The role of functional assessment of behavior and the student is then considered, followed by some cautionary notes concerning grouping high-risk students together for intervention, use of highly punitive consequences for behavior, and employing gang members or ex-gang members to deter gang affiliation. (Contains approximately 75 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Aggression, Behavior Disorders, Delinquency, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Intervention, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Self Evaluation (Groups), Theory Practice Relationship, Validated Programs, Violence
Council for Exceptional Children, 1110 North Glebe Rd., Arlington, VA 22201-5704 (members $8, non-members $11.40). Tel: 888-232-7733 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cec.sped.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders.