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ERIC Number: ED458636
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Social Support versus Self-Realization: Friendship Conceptions of Adolescents and Adults in an East-West Comparison.
Valtin, Renate
R. L. Selman, in his model of friendship conceptions (1984) distinguished 5 stages of these conceptions, relating to qualitative changes in sociocognitive development. In his model, specific differentiations relating to sociodemographic, gender-specific, and cultural factors are not foreseen. To investigate the significance of social and cultural factors in this context, a comparison of persons from West and East Germany (FRG and GDR) seemed promising. In this case a common cultural background and a common language were a given, an important element, because in cross-cultural studies linguistic nuances can easily be lost in translation and varying semantic contexts can be evoked. This paper describes the investigations into social difference that affect ideas about friendship among adolescents and adults. The paper explains that the study involved interviews with 108 persons (44 adolescents and 64 adults) in Berlin; the adults were mostly university students, while the adolescents were mostly high school students. It states that the comparability of the groups with respect to key traits was given, and that the interviews were transcribed then coded and analyzed with the aid of the text analysis system MAX (Kruckartz, 1992). According to the paper, results revealed considerable differences regarding the function of friendship and to key conceptions of interpersonal relationships (related to concepts such as trust, politeness, honesty/openness, fidelity, and conflict) between East and West Berliners shortly after reunification, and also revealed considerable differences between adolescents and adults. (Contains a 28-item bibliography.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: East Germany; West Germany