ERIC Number: ED458634
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Judging the Judges: An Analysis of Ballots in Impromptu and Extemporaneous Speaking.
Cronn-Mills, Daniel; Croucher, Stephen M.
The goal of forensics is to teach students the complexity and impact of communication on the human condition. The ballot is the key to the educational process within the competitive realm of forensics. The judge is both an adjudicator and a teacher within each round, and, therefore, ballots should provide students with comments indicating reasons for the judges' decisions; strengths and weaknesses of the student's abilities; and strengths and weaknesses of the student's selection/material. Ballot comments in limited preparation events (extemporaneous speaking and impromptu speaking) provide a unique context for analysis. Data are from ballots written by judges during the 2000-2001 intercollegiate competitive season. Ballots were gathered after the completion of the season and are from a number of schools throughout the upper Midwest. The method used was based on Cary and Rodier's (1987) approach and Krippendorf's (1980) syntactical method of unit analysis. Evaluated were 110 ballots written for students competing in extemporaneous speaking. Eight primary categories were chosen, in hierarchical order, according to number of comments elicited: analysis; delivery; organization; sources; introduction; time; question; and miscellaneous. Also evaluated were impromptu speaking comments, and seven categories were generated: analysis; delivery; time; structure; introduction; quotation; and miscellaneous. Two major concerns were identified as illuminated by the data: the issue of "canned" speeches in extemporaneous speaking, and lack of an RFD (reason for decision) in impromptu speaking. An inordinate number of judges indicated they believed extemporaneous speeches were "canned," while not one ballot analyzed in impromptu speaking provided an RFD. (Contains 34 references.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A