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ERIC Number: ED458571
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb-24
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Early Literacy Skills To Reduce Special Education Referrals. Issue Brief.
Torgesen, Joseph
In the fourth grade, 38% of all children have reading skills below the "basic" level, according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Many of these students are recommended for special education services because of their reading difficulties. Recent research on reading difficulties in young children demonstrates that early intervention can correct reading deficiencies in all but about 3% to 5% of children. States can use several strategies to build literacy skills and lower special education referrals. Among these are: make state reading standards correspond with current research about reading growth from kindergarten through grade 3; improve the teacher's reading preparation; provide professional development opportunities in reading; and strengthen and expand early intervention programs. (Contains 12 notes.) (NKA)
National Governors' Association, Education Policy Studies Division, Hall of States, 444 N. Capitol St., Washington, DC 20001-1512. Tel: 202-624-5300; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Governors' Association, Washington, DC. Center for Best Practices.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress