ERIC Number: ED458475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Concurrent and Discriminant Validity of the Means-Ends Spirituality Questionnaire.
Ryan, Kathleen; Fiorito, Basil A.
This paper describes the reliability of the Means-Ends Spirituality Questionnaire to assess preferred ways and goals of spiritual expression. The means subscales assessed thinking, feeling, acting, and relating in the area of spiritual expression. A total of 405 university students participated in this investigation. Study 1 analyzed the instrument in terms of its reliability and construct validity. Study 2 utilized the instrument to assess the relationship between spiritual means and ends as measures of well being. Ends subscales reflected a motivational model based on approach and avoidance goals and their consequences for physical and psychological health. The questionnaire was found to be a useful tool for examining how means and ends relate to spiritual experiences and confirms the utility of distinguishing between approach and avoidance goals within the framework of spiritual motivation. (Contains 7 tables and 31 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (109th, San Francisco, CA, August 24-28, 2001).