ERIC Number: ED458473
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Aug
Poverty and Depression among Men: The Social Class Worldview Model and Counseling Implications.
Liu, William M.
This paper outlines a theory for understanding social class in men's lives, and argues that poverty and depression are a function of social class and internalized classism. It begins by defining poverty, then explains the Social Class Worldview Model, which is a subjective social class model, and the Modern Classism Theory, which allows clinicians to integrate social class experiences such as poverty or job loss into diagnosis and treatment. Efforts to help and assist men in poverty cannot focus solely on the income, education, and occupational issues in men's lives. Instead there has to be a focus on the social class worldview in order to address the intrapsychic and affective factors related to social class transitions. Counselors need to understand what underlies men's depression in these situations, how internalized classism functions to exacerbate depression, and how men may mask depression in problematic behaviors. In poverty remediation, men need to be helped to develop strategies that are congruent with their economic culture and to understand the array of expectations around them. (Contains 33 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (109th, San Francisco, CA, August 24-28, 2001).