ERIC Number: ED458401
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Transitional Jobs: A Bridge into the Workforce for Hard-To-Employ Welfare Recipients. Policy Brief.
Evidence from the past 4 years confirms that private sector jobs are the best and first resort for welfare recipients seeking to enter the workforce and that the private sector can well absorb the entry of these new workers. The model of wage-based transitional employment may be a more effective means of helping hard-to-employ welfare recipients make the transition from welfare to work than large-scale workfare programs are. Programs providing wage-based transitional employment allow participants to take advantage of the Earned Income Tax Credit to supplement their earnings, and they instill the expectations of the working world in participants. Wage-based programs typically supplement job placements with training, education, or counseling to assist participants in overcoming obstacles to employment, and they also benefit employers and communities. The most successful wage-based transitional jobs programs incorporate the following elements: (1) generous work supports and postprogram transitional services; (2) flexible, performance-based administration under a public/private model; and (3) safeguards against displacement of existing workers. The following programs are examples of successful wage-based transitional jobs programs: EarnFair (New York); the Transitional Work Corporation (Philadelphia); Community Jobs (Washington State); the Industrial Exchange (Tulsa, Oklahoma); the Community Service Employment Program (Vermont); and Jobs Plus (Oregon). (11 references) (MN)
Descriptors: Career Development, Demonstration Programs, Education Work Relationship, Employment Opportunities, Employment Practices, Employment Problems, Employment Programs, Entry Workers, Job Performance, Job Placement, Models, Occupational Mobility, Performance Factors, Position Papers, Private Sector, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Public Sector, Supported Employment, Tax Credits, Transitional Programs, Trend Analysis, Welfare Recipients, Work Experience
Progressive Policy Institute, 600 Pennsylvania Ave., SE, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20003. Tel: 202-547-0111. For full text: http://www.ndol.org/documents/TransitionalJobs.pdf
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Progressive Policy Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Earned Income Tax Credit