ERIC Number: ED458216
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Reported GPA and SAT Scores. ERIC Digest.
Cassady, Jerrell C.
This digest investigates the methodological practice of relying on self-reported Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) and grade point average (GPA) scores on educational-psychological research, explores the differential reliability of self-reported SAT and GPA values, and examines trends of deviation in a sample of midwestern teacher education students. Eighty-nine undergraduates at a mid-sized university reported their current cumulative GPAs and the scores they had received on the SAT. Each participant's reported value was categorized as an overestimation, an underestimation, or as accurate in relation to official records. Participants had highly reliable self-reported GPA levels, suggesting that such self-reports are sufficiently adequate for research use. The overall accuracy of self-reported SAT scores was lower than that of GPAs, but the average accuracy was still within reasonable guidelines. The accuracy of self-reported scores was dependent on the independent variable of performance level. The ease of acquiring self-reported SAT and GPA data makes this practice an attractive alternative to the more laborious practice of accessing official student records. However, these results do not support the use of self-reported GPA and SAT scores for policy decisions, especially if the students are able to determine the intent of score collection. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Students, Education Majors, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Psychological Studies, Research Methodology, Teacher Education
ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation, 1129 Shriver Laboratory, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 800-464-3742 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation, College Park, MD.